We all know this flying annoying bug. They hunt us, they bite us and they make our lives miserable. Moreover, they are disease-carriers. So, it’s time for revenge. We must keep them as far as we can from us. Still, we cannot prepare our strategy, unless we inform ourselves. This is why we will find out together plenty of stuff about mosquitoes: how to identify them, how to kill them & more. Read further and you will discover a lot of useful information.
What Do Mosquitoes Look Like?
The very first step in order to fight the enemy is to know what it looks like. Mosquito appearance might vary depending on the species. Still, there is general portrait of the mosquito, so they have some general characteristics:
- They have three body segments: head, abdomen and thorax.
- They have proboscis (this consists of tube-like mouthparts they use to consume liquids).
- They have 2 wings.
- They vary in size from ¼ to ½ of an inch (in adult forms).
- They are often confused with some species of flies.
- They are oval and have narrow shape.
- They have 6 legs.
- They also have antennae.
Types of Mosquitoes
Well, surprisingly or not, there are more than 3000 species of mosquitoes in the whole world. To be more precise, there are mosquitoes on every continent, except Antarctica (we should all move there, isn’t it?). As you can probably figure out, we are going to present you the most common species. These are the mosquitoes that most homeowners encounter:
This type is very common in the United States. These mosquitoes breed in sites like old tires, storm drains and even pet dishes. They are quite dangerous, as they are carriers of many viruses and parasites.
Their breeding sites are old tires, treeholes or overflow ditches. Two subtypes of aedes mosquitoes, the Asian tiger mosquito and the yellow fever mosquito, transmit dangerous diseases.
They breed in warmer months. They are extremely dangerous for humans, because they carry parasites causing malaria. Each year, there more than one million people dying of malaria transmitted by these mosquitoes.
The life cycle a mosquito goes through has four phases:
- Egg. The female adult lays the egg on the water surface, or on damp soil that will be flooded afterwards. In general, it takes about 48 hours for an egg to hatch into larva. On the other hand, there are eggs that even resist during winter until they hatch.
- Larva. At this stage, the mosquito live in the water, but it needs to come to surface for breathing. By the time it changes into a pupa, larva sheds its skin for four times, growing more and more.
- Pupa. The pupa doesn’t feed, it mostly rests, but it is also mobile. It goes through a metamorphosis similar with that of butterflies. So when this stage ends, the pupa will change into an adult, after it manages to split the pupal skin.
- Adult. When the pupa undergoes all the molts, it becomes an adult. Now the mosquito is sexually mature.
The period it takes to an egg to reach the adult stage depends on the temperature and species. In large, in good weather conditions, an egg reaches the adult stage in about 7 to 14 days.
Signs of Mosquito Activity
Apart from other insects, it is easier to track down mosquitoes. There are some obvious signs that help us detect mosquitoes. Let’s find out these signs together:
- You hear that annoying sound mosquito females make it is more like a whine.
- You wake up with bites on your body (only females bite!).
- You might notice them on glass surfaces and ceilings. They walk upside down on these surfaces.
How Do You Get Them?
Mosquitoes search for breeding sites. They also look for prey and a suitable climate for them. But these are just the main reasons for they come in your house. There are also some other causes that drag them to your place, like:
- You live in an area prone to mosquito activity.
- You live near a water source. Mosquito females need lay their eggs in water. This is why there are great chances for you to come in contact with these pests. The probability is bigger if the temperature is about 50 degrees or above.
- Mosquitoes are attracted to standing water. So you also need to keep an eye on water bowls and water butts in your house.
- If there is any leaking from your pipes, it is very probably you will get mosquitoes.
How to Kill Mosquitoes
These flying pests represent a menace for our lives, as they are carriers of many fatal diseases. Hence, it is our duty to keep them at distance and to defend us and our families. There are many control methods you can use and we recommend you some of the most efficient ones.
1. Homemade mosquito TRAP
What items you need:
- 1 x 2-liter bottle
- 1 gram of yeast
- ¼ cup of brown sugar
- 1 cup of water
- Firstly, take the bottle and cut in half.
- Mix the sugar with hot water and then wait till it gets cold. Then pour the mixture in the bottom half of the bottle.
- Now it’s time to add the yeast, but don’t stir the mixture! This is the ingredient that helps to create carbon dioxide which attracts mosquitoes.
- Take the other half and place it into the other part, upside down.
- Use something black to wrap the bottle, as it triggers the pesky mosquitoes. You have to leave the top uncovered!
- Now take the trap and place it outside, somewhere you normally don’t spend time.
- You need to change the mixture every 2 weeks.
2. Non-toxic Mosquito Killer
There are human and pet friendly products you can use to kill mosquitoes. Here is one of them, a product you can achieve on Amazon: Mosquito Killer Concentrate by Killer Green. Mosquito Killer Spray All Natural Non-Toxic, link here.
3. Electronic Indoor Insect Killer
The bug zapper is another efficient mosquito killer. It instantly kills a variety of flying insects, covering up to 6.000 square feet. Moreover, it requires little maintenance and it is totally chemical free. Awesome, isn’t it? You can purchase such product on Amazon, click here.
4. Electric Bug Zapper Racket
This is pretty cool! You can find on Amazon a very useful racket that kills mosquitoes only with a swing. It is electric, but safe to touch. Moreover, the seller guarantees to replace it for free for life! Check it here.
5. Pest Control Management
If you choose to let the experts to deal with your problem, you will enjoy better results. They are pros and have anything it takes to eradicate mosquitoes on your property. Moreover, mosquito control needs to be done by someone who has knowledge of their species and treatment applying conditions.
If your problem is not that big, you can do pest management by yourself. In this case, the costs will be very low, maybe a few dollars. On the other hand, if you deal with a population of mosquitoes, we highly recommend you call for professional assistance. Now, the cost depends on what type of action the experts take. If there is a water source that needs to be drained, the price could be about thousands of dollars. But if they only have to use some insecticides, the cost is about $25 per application.
In order to avoid dealing with mosquito issues, you need to take some measures. If you respect the rules below, you will enjoy the feeling of waking up without any bites.
- Make your home mosquito-proof by putting screens to all entry points like windows and doors.
- Inspect your house and check for any plumbing problems. If you discover any leak, fix it quickly. Mosquitoes
- Frequently burn candles with essential oils. This is a great alternative for chemical repellents. Mosquitoes hate the smell of lavender, catnip and lemon essential oils.
- Check for standing water around your property (maybe a pond) and even in your house. Yes, there can be standing water in your house plants or in the toilets that you don’t use often. You need to flush the latter from time to time.
- You can also treat standing water with larvicides. This will help you control their breeding.
- Make sure to remove trash that is placed around any standing water.
- If you get mosquito bites often, use some DEET repellent on your skin. The substance doesn’t have the power to kill, but to confuse them.
Follow the guidance above and you will make your place mosquito free! In this article you achieved all the information you need about mosquitoes. We hope that this is useful advice for you and that you will manage to eradicate them! Please remember that they are not just a nuisance, but also a danger for you and your family!