Struggle with some bugs in your home, but you are not that sure what are they? Read further and find out if they are flies and which are the most common types.
You won’t learn how to identify them, but also how do you get them, why do they come in your home, what kills flies, treatment cost & more useful stuff. Let’s begin our adventure into learning the flying enemy better!
Types of Flies
The flies, also called Diptera, are a large class of insects, as there are about 120.000 types of flies. You need to know who are you going to kill, because you need different weapons for each of the types.
As you can imagine, it is impossible to list all the species here. This is why we are going to talk about the most common types of flies. So to say, we’ll list those flies most people encounter in their living area. Let’t meet the stars of our story:
- House fly: This is the most common type. These flies love all types of food, but also feces. It carries numerous bacteria and you shouldn’t neglect the danger of letting them flying around.
- Fruit fly/vinegar fly/drain fly: It breeds very fast and can be bound around compost or very ripe fruit.
- Cluster flies: This type is the most common flies that can be found in attics during winter. They use to congregate and stay in groups when the autumn comes.
- Blow flies: They are attracted by decaying animal bodies and wet garbage.
- Fungus gnats: Tiny flies which stay around potted plants.
- Horse fly: Horse fly females feed themselves on blood from mammals. Their bite is very painful both for animals and humans.
What Do They Look Like?
As you already found out, you got to identify the enemy, in order to eradicate the population and get rid of this problem for good. Here are some aspects that help you identify the fly and even distinguish between types:
|Picture of Flies||Type of Flies|
|House Fly: The adult house fly is about 5-8 mm long and it has transparent wings. It is black or dark blue with big red eyes. On the thorax, the house fly has 4 narrow stripes. The body is covered with hairs, used as taste organs.|
|Fruit Fly: These flies are tiny. They are yellow-brown coloured and have red eyes.|
|Cluster flies: They are about 6-10mm long, black coloured with a yellowy sheen on their thorax and have red eyes. When flying, they are very slow.|
|Blow flies: Larger than house flies, blow flies have shinny body, being metallic blue, bronze or green coloured. Their wings are transparent.|
|Fungus gnats: They are tiny, black coloured, resembling small mosquitoes regarding the shape only.|
|Horse fly: One of the largest types, the horse fly has dark grey body with some black markings on the wings. They are metallic green-eyed.|
If you are dealing with some sort of flies, it is very useful to learn about their life cycle. Why? Well, this can help you control the population and get rid of it.
The fly’s life cycle has four phases: egg→ larva → pupa → adult. Still there are some specific characteristics for each of the types. Check the list below to learn them!
- A complete life-cycle can vary between 10 and 21 days.
- A female is able to lay about 500 eggs in three to four days.
- The eggs are white coloured and tiny.
- Eggs need up to 20 hours to reach the larva stage (in this stage the flies are also called maggots).
- Maggots grow fast and eat any food they can found.
- Maggots make some sort of cocoon and metamorphose into pupae.
- The pupa phase lasts between 3 and 6 days.
- The adult fly lives for 15 to 30 days.
- The life-cycle lasts 40 to 50 days.
- Multiply rapidly.
- The female lays 1-20 eggs at a go.
- The egg and larval phases last about 8 days.
- The adult fruit fly.
- There can be at least 3-4 generations per season.
- Lay eggs on soil where earthworms can be found.
- Eggs hatch in just three days.
- Maggots penetrate earthworms to complete the larval phase (13-22 days).
- Pupa leaves the earthworm and moves into soil, until it reaches the adult stage.
- A female can lay about 2000 eggs in a lifespan.
- They deposit eggs on decaying animal remains.
- Eggs hatch in about 12 hours.
- Larvae feed on decomposing animal material.
- To form pupae, larvae burrow in soil, leaving the food source.
- Adult females deposit up to 200 eggs singly.
- They lay eggs where fungus can be found.
- Eggs hatch in 3-6 days.
- Adults live for about 8 days.
- The life cycle depends on the temperature.
- They lay egg near a water source, on gravles or vegetation.
- The larval phase lasts from one to three years.
- Then, to pupate, the larvae borrow in water or in moist soil.
- Pupal process can last between 6 and 12 days.
Signs of Fly Infestation
Flies spread lots of disease, so be careful to spot any possible population that may have clustered in your house. Make sure to make distinction between justa a few buzzing flies and a true population. Let’s discover together some signs of fly infestation:
- Plenty of flies flying around or all over your house.
- Clusters of flies inside garbage bins or in curtains.
- Dead flies on the floor or carpet.
- Clusters of fly eggs.
Still don’t have a clue? Call a professional!
How Do You Get Them
If you wonder what causes the fly infestation and how do you get the flies, here are the reasons:
- The main cause is poor sanitation. This is because flies are attracted by garbage, animal feces and any other food sources.
- Food left uncovered.
- Your garbage bins may not be well disposed.
- Common flies are usually attracted to decomposing organic material.
- Fruit flies are attracted to sugary substances, like overripe fruit.
How to Kill Flies
1. Chemicals. If you prefer chemical products, then the problem will be solved quickly. Here is a fly repellent you can buy from Amazon
2. Organic pest control spray. You can choose it, to protect your children or pets.Here is a product you can find on Amazon.
3. Homemade traps. Buy it here.
4. Fly ribbons. Thse sticky ribbons work great and you cand find them on Amazon.
5. Hairspray. Yep! That’s right! Some puffs will make flies’ hairs stay in place forever… And not only their hairs… Oups!
6. DIY recipes. Here is one example: Lemongrass essential oil (20-25 drops); Hot water (a half cup)
How to prepare it: Mix the ingredients and por the solution into a bottle with atomizer. Spray the infested areas, but it is also useful for prevention. So, spray around doors and windows of your house.
Of course, the flying issue can also make us worry about the treatment cost. In order to get rid of flies, you have to choose from a variety of treatments. This means that the prices vary too. Still, we can split the costs in three categories:
- DIY treatment cost: it is a fluctuant price. It can be cheaper of more expensive, depending on the ingredients you use. So, these treatment cost up to $35, but they require time, patience and skills.
- Chemical products: the prices start from $7.
If you go for some professional help, the cost is higher. Hence, hiring an exterminator means you need to pay up to $250. Quite a fortune, for some tiny buzzing creatures, but you won’t have to lift a finger. The job will be done quickly, professional and efortless..for you.
How to Prevent Them
- Of course, the most important measure is to sanitize your home. Keep the place cleaned up and diminish the chances to get flies!
- Grow plants with strong scent, like lavender, mint or basil. You can put them in pots and place them in your kitchen, as this is the favourite room of the flies. Mine too!
- Another trick is to move the garbage bins outside. Yes, it can be difficult, but you need to make sacrifices to get rid of flies.
- All the members of your family have to be responsible and clean after they eat. Don’t allow your kids to leave the table full of leftovers or crumbs.
- Moreover, the pet food is also an attractant. This is why you must keep it covered, as it is very attractive even when it’s dry.
- Make sure to screen your windows and to keep the doors close.
- Cover all existent openings into your house: caulk the windows and any other possible places flies could enter through.
We hope that this article is useful for you. Together, we learnt to identify the flies, we found out that there are so many types of them and you even figured out how do you get them.
Please remember that this is not a joke. Flies are a real danger, because of the many diseases they carry. So, fly control is highly recommended and we all should rise the degree of sanitation and hygiene. If you want to find out more advice on getting rid of flies, check our article here.