Bed bugs are tiny insects that feed on blood and reproduce very quickly. As their name says, you will usually see them in beds, but also in crevices and cracks. Moreover, these midgets can survive for about a year with no food. They are annoying and bed bug infestations are very common worldwide. Still, the good part is that these pests don’t spread any diseases that affect humans.
In this article, we provide you all the information it takes in order to put an end to this problem. You have to learn all about bed bugs: how to identify them, what kills them & more useful information. After reading this article, you will be able to fight them properly.
What Does Bed Bugs Look Like
Bed bugs belong to Cimicidae family of insects. As regarding their appearance, you need to know that bed bugs are small and flat, just as apple seeds are. Their shape is oval and they are brown coloured. Due to their body-build, they are able to hide in cracks and other tight places. Don’t worry-they don’t fly, as they don’t have wings. On the other hand they can’t jump either, so they move by crawling.
Types of Bed Bugs
Compared to other bugs, the number of bed bug types is quite low, as there are about 90 types. And what is more is that only three of these species feed on humans. Here is the list of these three annoying pests:
1. Cimex Lectularius
This is the most common species of bed bugs, especially in the US. It doesn’t feed only on humans, but also on bats, chickens and sometimes on other domesticates animals.
2. Cimex hemipterus
This species is specific only to tropical regions. Also, they can live for a long time without food. Even if it doesn’t transmit serious diseases to humans, some people are allergic to this species.
3. Leptocimex boueti
This bed bug type is also called bed bug, because its main host is the bat. The thing is that, if they don’t find bats, Leptocimex boueti bugs are willing to feed on human blood. Even this species is mainly found in Africa, there are also cases of bed bug infestation in the United States.
Bed bugs go through three stages in their life cycle. A bed bug becomes adult in about 20 days, if there are good conditions. It all starts with an egg. Female bed bugs lay hundreds of eggs during a lifespan. An egg is the size of a mustard seed and it needs between 6 to 16 days to hatch into nymph. The nymphal stage includes five molts. During this stage, bed bugs are very hungry and feed a lot. After the five molts, the bugs reach the adult stage and at this point they are able to reproduce. If the conditions are good enough, an adult bed bug can live between 6 and 12 months.
Signs of Bed Bug Activity
Many people say that it is more difficult to detect bed bugs than other pests. If you are trying to figure out if there is a bed bug infestation in your home, here are the signs:
- The most important sign is the bites. More precisely, if you wake up with bites on your body, then it is very likely to have bed bugs.
- Bed bugs have a specific smell, which is musky and sweet. You will feel it for sure!
- Another important sign that should indicate you their presence is if you find fecal stains. These are very common in places where bed bugs live. Actually, those feces are digested blood, so it won’t be red, but black.
- If you notice bed bugs on the mattress of your bed or other places in your home.
How Do You Get Beg Bugs
The bad news is that you can get bed bugs from many, many places and bring them home. It can be the gym, a hotel or maybe a store. Still, as their name says, you will find them around beds. In general, their presence is linked to unsanitary living conditions, but it is not always the case. There are many situations when bed bug infestations occur in clean places, even five-star hotels. This is because bed bugs are in a permanent search for hosts to feed on.
But you are not the only one that can bring them in your home! Bed bugs enjoy travelling on furniture, boxes, luggage and other stuff like this. So, especially if you buy second-hand furniture, carefully check it!
How to Kill Bed Bugs
We know that these pests are simply a nuisance! Of course, that you want to kill them and keep them away for good! There are lots of products on the market and you need to build a strategy. As you need to eradicate the infestation quickly, we made a list of treatments that will definitely help you.
1. Hot Shot Bedbug & Flea Home Insect Killer2
This is a product that is more than efficient! It not only kills adult bed bugs, but also their eggs and fleas. You can also use it on luggage and bed frames. Its formula won’t stain your stuff, as it doesn’t leave any oily residue or film! If you want to find out more and buy it, just click here.
2. Bedlam Plus
Bedlam Plus is a cocktail of powerful substances that will kill bed bugs, their eggs and other midgets. Apply it only indoors and respect the instructions on the label. As the producer says, this product will kill the bugs for two weeks after applying it. Moreover, it doesn’t stain and you can use it on wood furniture, too. Fast and efficient! Buy it here.
3. Harris Toughest Bed Bug Killer
With an odorless and non-staining formula, Harris Killer manages to kill the pests in very short time. You also need to know that this also provides residual control. What is means? Well, it means that it will kill them not only on contact, but also after you apply it. So, you will enjoy a lasting protection! If you want to try it, click here.
4. BENGAL CHEMICAL Bed Bug Killer
A spot treatment that will kill even hard to see bed bugs eggs! With a non-staining formula and very powerful ingredients, Bengal manages to both kill and prevent bed bugs. Also, it is high-rated on Amazon and people say that it is very efficient. Take a look here.
5. All Natural Eucoclean 3-in-1.
If you thought that only chemical products work, you are wrong! Using such products, you will protect your family, while eradicating the bug infestation. A combination of essential oils and other ingredients that will manage to eliminate bugs in your home. Also, it is a very good prevention method. Want to buy this product? Click on the link.
6. Eco Defense Bed Bug Killer
Here it is another very good natural product that will kill bed bugs on contact. As it is non-toxic and completely natural, it is safe to use around children and pets. Moreover, it works very quickly and easy to apply. If you are not happy with the results, you will get the money back! Great, isn’t it? Purchase it here.
7. Professional Exterminator
This is the best, but also the most expensive method. Of course, a pro knows exactly how to kill them. So, you will pay more, but he will certainly eradicate the bed bug infestation.
As there are many options to kill bed bugs, the costs vary. So, if you choose, the less expensive options- DIY methods- the price will be very low, maybe a few dollars. On the other hand, if you want an option with more chances of success, you have to pay more. This means that you will hire a professional exterminator and the cost will be about $1 per square foot. This is quite expensive if you have a big house. But the success rate is high!
Well, they say that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. If you agree with this statement and want to protect your home from infestations, read below:
- Clean the clutter! Bed bugs simply enjoy hiding. This means that if there is clutter in your home, you provide them hiding places!
- Don’t collect any furniture or mattresses that people left on the street. There is reason for they wanted to get rid of those things!
- Thoroughly inspect your home periodically! Pay special attention to the bed sheets.
- As they are great hitchhikers, their great enemy is the vacuum cleaner. Use it regularly!
- When travelling, carefully check the room of the hotel.
- Wash bed sheets, bedspreads and all the fabric only in hot water. The heat will kill bed bugs and their eggs.
- Avoid going into places where you have knowledge there are bed bugs infestation. If you have to do it, be careful!
In order to stop bed bugs from spreading that much, try to respect the precautions and defend yourself. Even they don’t spread serious diseases, you need to keep them away from your home. We hope that this article is useful for you and that you are now ready to face them. Together, we found out all about bed bugs: how to identify them, what kills them and plenty of other information. Use it wisely!